HAMMERSTEIN

HAMMERSTEIN, U.S. family closely associated with the development of opera and the popular musical theater in U.S. Its two most famous members were Oscar Hammerstein I (1847–1919) and his grandson, Oscar II (1895–1960). Born in Berlin, OSCAR HAMMERSTEIN I ran away from home, reached New York in 1863, and worked in a cigar factory. He soon became an important and wealthy figure in the industry. His passion, however, was for building opera houses. The Harlem Opera House, built in the 1880s, was his first. The Victoria (1899) was a successful vaudeville theater managed by his son WILLIAM. Altogether he built 10 opera houses and theaters in New York, in addition to an opera house in Philadelphia (1908) and one in London (1911). His Manhattan Opera House (1906), a venture in which his son ARTHUR (1873–1955) was closely involved, competed with the dominant Metropolitan Opera House until 1910, when the Metropolitan bought it out for $1.2 million. In its time the Manhattan helped to make grand opera exciting by bringing new talent and works to American audiences. His later ventures were less successful. OSCAR HAMMERSTEIN II, librettist, was born in New York, the son of William Hammerstein. He played an important role in developing the "musical play" into an integrated dramatic form. He worked for his uncle Arthur as a stage manager. By 1920 he had produced the books for three musicals. Wildflower (1923) was his first real success. Subsequently he collaborated on such Broadway musicals as Rose Marie (1924), Desert Song (1926), and Show Boat (1927). After some years in Hollywood, he formed his partnership with the composer richard rodgers in 1943. Together they produced a series of successful musicals with a style and form of their own. These included Oklahoma (1943), Carousel (1945), South Pacific (1949), which won a Pulitzer Prize, The King and I (1951), and The Sound of Music (1959). The Rodgers and Hammerstein Foundation, New York, established a fund for cancer research in 1963, at the Hebrew University Hadassah Medical School, Jerusalem. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: J.F. Cone, Oscar Hammerstein's Manhattan Opera Company (1966); Fact Book Concerning the Plays of Richard Rodgers and Oscar Hammerstein (1954). (Harvey A. Cooper)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Hammerstein — ist der Name folgender Orte: Hammerstein (am Rhein), Gemeinde im Landkreis Neuwied, Rheinland Pfalz Hammerstein (Hückeswagen), historische Ortschaft im Oberbergischen Kreis, Nordrhein Westfalen Hammerstein (Kandern), Ortsteil der Stadt Kandern im …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hammerstein [2] — Hammerstein, ein der Lutherischen Confession folgendes, ursprünglich am Niederrhein, jetzt in Hannover, Mecklenburg Schwerin, Österreich etc. angesessenes freiherrliches Geschlecht. Schloß H. (s.d. 2) auf einem Felsen am Rhein, Andernach… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Hammerstein [1] — Hammerstein, 1) (polnisch Czarne), Stadt an der Küddow, im Kreise Schlochau des preußischen Regierungsbezirks Marienwerder (Provinz Westpreußen); Schloß, Synagoge, Tuchweberei, Theerbrennerei, Getreidehandel, Bienenzucht; 2100 Ew.; 2) (Ober H.),… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Hammerstein [1] — Hammerstein (poln. Czarne), Stadt im preuß. Regbez. Marienwerder, Kreis Schlochau, an der Zahne und der Staatsbahnlinie Neustettin Goßlershausen, hat eine evangelische und eine kath. Kirche, Synagoge, Amtsgericht, eine große Dampfsägemühle und… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Hammerstein [2] — Hammerstein, 1) Otto, Graf von, Glied eines edlen fränkischen Geschlechts, dessen Stammburg H. am rechten Rheinufer unterhalb Andernach lag, hatte sich mit einer nahen Verwandten, Irmingard, vermählt. Die Kirche erklärte diese Ehe für unkanonisch …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Hammerstein — Hammerstein, Stadt im preuß. Reg. Bez. Marienwerder, (1900) 3025 E., Amtsgericht. Dabei ein Schießplatz für die Feldartillerie …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Hammerstein [2] — Hammerstein, Hans, Freiherr von, preuß. Staatsmann, geb. 27. April 1843 in Lüneburg, trat 1866 in preuß. Staatsdienst, 1883 Bezirkspräsident von Lothringen, 1901 preuß. Minister des Innern, gest. 20. März 1905 in Berlin …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Hammerstein [3] — Hammerstein, Wilh., Freiherr von, Politiker, geb. 21. Febr. 1838 in Retzow, seit 1876 konservatives Mitglied des preuß. Abgeordnetenhauses, 1881 90 und seit 1892 des Reichstags und Leiter der Kreuzzeitung, 1896 wegen Betrugs und Urkundenfälschung …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Hammerstein (II) — [ham′ər stīn΄] Oscar 1895 1960; U.S. librettist & lyricist of musical comedies * * * …   Universalium

  • Hammerstein — (izg. hèmerstein), Oscar (1895 1960) DEFINICIJA američki skladatelj, libretist i producent uspješnih mjuzikla na Broadwayu, uspješno surađivao s R. Rogersom; dobitnik Pulitzerove nagrade 1944 (Show Boat, Oklahoma) …   Hrvatski jezični portal

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